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Lithium Ark Chemistry

The Lithium Ark Holding B.V. developed the reciprocal salt system 

LiCl + KOH <=> KCl + LiOH 

in order to produce lithium hydroxide and recover the potassium chloride. The recovery of potassium chloride is possible because its solubility increases significantly with higher temperature, while lithium hydroxide solubilty slightly diminishes in this reciprocal system. This behavior is represented in the solubility curves which represents the saturation of both salts ( Lithium hydroxide monohydrate and potassium chloride) and in reciprocal salt diagram.


Why not sodium hydroxide (NaOH)? 

Sodium chloride does not increase solubility with temperature and therefor it can not be recovered and recycled separately from the lithium hydroxide.  

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